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Mariela Baeva
Mariela Baeva
Member of the European Parliament for Bulgaria
2007 - 2009
(first direct EP elections in Bulgaria);

LEED to OECD partner (Nanotech)

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Mali and current developments – Part I

PART I

With reference to the current developments in Mali please find in sequence data about the country:

Mali [Credit: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.]

Official name République du Mali   (Republic of Mali)
Form of government interim regime1   with one legislative house (National Assembly [147])
Head of state President (interim)1:   Dioncounda Traoré
Head of government Prime Minister   (interim)1: Django Cissoko
Capital Bamako
Official language French
Population (2011 est.)   15,525,000
Total area (sq km) 1,248,574
GNI per capita   (U.S.$)  (2010) 600

1Military junta took power in March 2012; in April 2012 an ECOWAS-brokered deal gave

nominal control to an interim civilian government.

 

Landlocked country of western Africa, mostly in the Saharan and Sahelian regions. Mali is largely flat and arid. The Niger River flows through its interior, functioning as the main trading and transport artery in the country. Sections of the river flood periodically, providing much-needed fertile agricultural soil along its banks as well as creating pasture for livestock.

Although Mali is one of the largest countries in Africa, it has a relatively small population, which is largely centred along the Niger River. The Bambara (Bamana) ethnic group and language predominate, with several other groups—including the Fulani (Fulbe), Dogon, and Tuareg—also present in the population. Agriculture is the dominant economic sector in the country, with cotton production, cattle and camel herding, and fishing among the major activities.

The area that is now Mali was once part of the three great precolonial Sudanic empires: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. The fabled but now faded trading and learning centre of Timbuktu is situated in Mali on the upper Niger River. For centuries, caravans crossed the Sahara desert from North Africa while others came from the forest regions to the south, meeting at the crossroads of Timbuktu.

Other notable towns include Djenné, noted for its famous mosque and other examples of Sudanese architecture, and Mopti, a bustling market centre. The Dogon region, centred on the Bandiagara escarpment in the country’s central area, is an important tourist destination because of its unique cliffside villages and diverse artistic life.

The national capital, Bamako, is located on the Niger River and is a rapidly growing city because of increased migration from the depressed rural areas.

credit: Encyclopæida Britannica

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