Tribute to the victims of
terrorist attacks worldwide
Comments: 8327
Mariela Baeva
Mariela Baeva
Member of the European Parliament for Bulgaria
2007 - 2009
(first direct EP elections in Bulgaria);

LEED to OECD partner (Nanotech)

Charter 4 Mobile

Charter 4 mobile

Anyone interested in fundamental rights in the European Union (EU) can now have easy access to the text of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in all official languages on their mobile device: http://fra.europa.eu/en/charter4mobile



European Court of Human Rights

European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), judicial organ established in 1959 that is charged with supervising the enforcement of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950; commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights), which was drawn up by the Council of Europe. The convention obligates signatories to guarantee various civil and political freedoms, including the freedom of expression and religion and the right to a fair trial. It is headquartered in Strasbourg, France.

Individuals who believe their human rights have been violated and who are unable to remedy their claim through their national legal system may petition the ECHR to hear the case and render a verdict. The court, which also can hear cases brought by states, may award financial compensation, and its decisions often require changes in national law. Consisting of more than 40 judges elected for nonrenewable nine-year terms, the ECHR normally works in seven-judge chambers. Judges do not represent their countries.

In order to handle the growing number of cases more efficiently, the European Court of Human Rights and the European Commission of Human Rights, which was established in 1954, were merged in 1998 into a reconstituted court and enabled to hear individual cases without the prior assent of the individual’s national government. Despite these changes the ECHR’s backlog continued to grow, prompting the adoption in 2010 of additional streamlining measures, which included prohibiting the court from hearing individual cases in which the applicant has not suffered a “significant disadvantage.” The court’s decisions are binding on all signatories.

*John G. Merrills (Professor of International Law, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. Coauthor of Human Rights in Europe: A Study of the European Convention on Human Rights and others).

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